Patecatl is the Lord of the Land of Medicines, a god of healing and fertility. He is the husband of Mayahuel. With Mayahuel, he is the father of the Centzon Totochtin Four Hundred Rabbits , the divine rabbits, and the gods of drunkenness. Like Mayahuel and the Centzon Totochtin, Patecatl himself is a god of pulque, the alcoholic beverage made from the maguey plant. Piltzintecuhtli is the Youthful Lord, a solar deity. According to some, he is the planet Mercury. Piltzintecuhtli is the son of Oxomoco and Cipactonal , the first man and the first woman.
His wife is Tlazolteotl. He is the father of Centeotl the maize god. He is the god intelligence and self-reflection, a patron of priests. Quetzalcoatl is a primordial god of creation, a giver of life. With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. Quetzalcoatl is also called White Tezcatlipoca , to contrast him to the black Tezcatlipoca. As the Lord of the East he is associated with the morning star, his twin brother Xolotl was the evening star Venus. His calendrical name is Ce Acatl One Reed. After the last world, the Fourth Sun had been destroyed, Quetzalcoatl went to Mictlan, the land of the death, and created our current world, the Fifth Sun, by using his own blood to give new life to bones.
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Quetzalcoatl is also the giver of maize corn to mankind. In the tonalpohualli, Quetzalcoatl rules over both the second day, Ehecatl wind , and the second trecena, 1-Ocelotl jaguar. Tecciztecatl or Tecuciztecatl , the Old Moon God, represents the male aspect of the moon. Tecciztecatl is the son of Tlaloc and Chalchihuitlicue. When the moment arrived to complete the necessary rituals by throwing himself into the sacrificial fire, he became scared. The gods passed the opportunity to the sickly and blistered Nanahuatzin.
She went and became the sun. Ashamed, Tecciztecatl followed her to become another sun. However, the gods threw a rabbit at him to dim his radiance. This is how the Fifth Sun started and how Tecciztecatl became the moon. Tecciztecatl is often pictured he carrying a large, white seashell, representing the moon.
Tepeyollotl, Heart of the Mountain, the Jaguar of the Night, lord of the animals, darkened caves, echoes and earthquakes. Tepeyollotl is a variant of Tezcatlipoca. The spots on his coat represent the stars in the sky. In the calendar, Tepeyollotl rules over both the third day, Calli house , and the third trecena, 1-Mazatl deer. He is the eighth Lord of the Night. He is the god of the nocturnal sky, god of the ancestral memory, god of time and the Lord of the North, the embodiment of change through conflict.
Together with his eternal opposite Quetzalcoatl, he created the world. In this process, Tezcatlipoca lost his foot when he used it as bait for the Earth Monster Cipactli. Tezcatlipoca has many aspects. Quetzalcoatl is also called White Tezcatlipoca, to contrast him to the black Tezcatlipoca. Tezcatlipoca is usually depicted black with yellow stripe painted across his face. He is often shown with his right foot replaced with an obsidian mirror or a snake.
In the tonalpohualli, Tezcatlipoca is the ruler of day Acatl. Tlahuixcalpantecuhtli is a manifestion of Quetzalcoatl , who has Xolotl, Venus as the Evening Star as his twin brother. Tlahuixcalpantecuhtli missed. Tonatiuh threw a dart back, piercing Tlahuixcalpantecuhtli through the head. This transformed Tlahuixcalpantecuhtli into Itztlacoliuhqui, god of stone and coldness.
In the tonalpohualli, Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli is the Lord of the Day for days with number 12 mahtlactli-omome in Nahuatl. Tlaloc is the god of rain, lightning and thunder. He is a fertility god, but also a wrathful deity. He is responsible for both floods and droughts. Tlaloc is commonly depicted as a goggle-eyed blue being with jaguar fangs. Often he is presented wearing a net of clouds, a crown of heron feather and foam sandals. He carries rattles to make thunder. Tlaloc was first married to the goddess Xochiquetzal, but then Tezcatlipoca kidnapped her.
He later married Chalchihuitlicue. With Chalchihuitlicue he became the father of Tecciztecatl. Tlaloc has an older sister named Huixtocihuatl. He is the ruler of Tlalocan, the fourth heaven. Tlalocan is the place of eternal spring, a paradise of green plants. Tlalocan is the destination in the afterlife for those who died violently from phenomena associated with water, such as by lightning, drowning and water-borne diseases. Tlaloc ruled over the third world, 4 Quiahuitl, the world that was destroyed by a fiery deluge.
He is served by various rain spirits called the tlaloque. The other half was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli, the god of the Mexica. Tlaloc is both the protector of the seventh day, Mazatl deer and the seventh trecena, 1-Quiahuitl rain. Tlaloc is the nineth and last Lord of the Night. Tlaltecuhtli is closely associated with Tonatiuh, the sun or Sun God.
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She is called by midwives when the difficult birth of an infant threatens the life of its mother. After Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca had created large cosmic trees to seperate the skies from the waters, they needed to create a solid place to for creatures to dwell on.
Within the primordial waters swam a huge cayman-like monster named Tlaltecuhtli. The two gods decided to destroy here for the sake of the re-creation of the world.mta-sts.mail.ecolearning.org.uk/me-acquista-plaquenil.php
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Tezcatlipoca used his foot as bait to catch her. Tlaltecuhtli came up to bite it off. In the fight that followed, Tezcatlipoca lost his foot, but Tlaltecuhtli lost her lower jaw. Without it, she could no longer sink below the surface of the waters. Now the gods created the Earth upon her back. Of her hair they made trees, flowers and grasses, of her eyes wells, fountains and little caverns, of her nose valleys, and of her shoulders mountains. Sometimes at night, the goddess can still be heard crying for the pains she is suffering. Only the sacrifice of blood gives her some consolation.
Tlazolteotl is the goddess of the human fertility and of sexuality. Tlazolteotl is associated with the moon. She is the mother of Centeotl, a maize god. In the tonalpohualli, Tlazoteotl is the protector of the 14th day, Ocelotl jaguar , and the 13th trecena, Ollin movement. She is the seventh Lord of the Night. Tonacatecuhtli, Lord of Our Sustenance , is a primordial creator god, a god of fertility and beginnings.
Tonacatecuhtli is sometimes associated with Ometeotl Lord of Duality.
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Tonatiuh, the Sun or the Sun God. Symbol of the Fifth World, the present era. According to Aztec Mythology, there have been four historical ages, called Suns — those of earth, wind, fire and water. Each has been destroyed. The present era is that of the Sun of Movement, Ollintonatiuh. It is also known as Nahuiollin or 4-Ollin Movement. In the famous stone of Axayacatl , as you can see on the left, Tonatiuhs face is embedded in this calendrical sign.
The wings of the Ollin symbol show the calendrical signs of the past four eras. Tonatiuhs claws are aspects of the Earth Goddess, Tlaltecuhtli. In the tonalpohualli, Tonatiuh rules over trecena Miquiztli death. Xipe Totec is the god of the shedding of skins, God of Seedtime, the elemental force of rebirth. He is associated with rejuvenation and spring time. Xipe Totec flayed himself to give food to humanity, symbolic of the maize seed losing the outer layer of the seed before germination.
Xipe Totec is the patron of the goldsmiths. In the calendar, Xipe Totec is the protector of day Cuauhtli eagle and of the trecena that starts with day 1-Itzcuintli dog. Xiuhtecuhtli is also called Ixcozauhqui and Huehueteotl , the Old God. Xiuhtecuhtli is often depicted with a red or yellow face, with a censer on his head.
As a patron of kings and warriors he is shown wearing a crown and ornaments made of a Turquoise blue stone. As Huehueteotl, he appears as an elderly man, usually bent over and carrying a brazier, or small stove, on his head.
Chalchiuhtlicue is mentioned to be his wife. With Chantico as his feminine counterpart, he is seen as a representation of Ometeotl. His nagual is the Xiuhcoatl , the Fire Serpent. Xiuhtecuhtli is the central deity in the New Fire ceremony, held every 52 years in year 2 Acatl Ome Acatl , which is also a name for Tezcatlipoca.
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In the tonalpohualli, Xiuhtecuhtli is the protector of day Atl water. He rules over the last trecena of the tonalpohualli, 1-Tochtli rabbit. He is the first Lord of the Night.
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Xochipili, the Flower Prince, is the god of flowers, pleasure, feasting, frivolity and artistic creativity. Xochipili is closely related to Macuilxochitl Five Flower , who is one of the Ahuiateteo , the gods that embody the dangers of excess. The Ahuiateteo are related to the direction of the south. They share characteristics of Tezcatlipoca. The Ahuiateteo are often paired with the dangerous Cihuateteo. Xochiquetzal is Flower Feather, the ever young and pretty goddess of flowers, love, pleasure and beauty.
She is a patron of artists. Xochiquetzal represents the sexual power of young women. In this way she is related to the Ahuiateteo and excess. She also resides over childbirth and pregnancy, relating her to mother-goddesses like Toci and Tlazolteotl. Her twin is Xochipili. Her husband was Tlaloc, until Tezcatlipoca kidnapped her and she was forced to marry him. Xochiquetzal is often displayed surrounded by flowers and butterflies, and accompanied by a hummingbird or an ocelotl.
In the tonalpohualli, Xochiquetzal rules over the last day, Xochitl flower and over trecena 1-Cuauhtli eagle. Xolotl is the dog-like deity, often depicted with ragged ears. He is identified with sickness and physical deformity. As a double of Quetzalcoatl , he carries his conch-like ehecailacacozcatl or wind jewel. Xolotl accompanied Quetzalcoatl to Mictlan, the land of the death, or the underworld, to retrieve the bones from those who inhabited the previous world Nahui Atl to create new life for the present world, Nahui Ollin , the sun of movement.
In a sense, this re-creation of life is reacted every night when Xolotl guides the sun through the underworld. In the tonalpohualli, Xolotl rules over day Ollin movement and over trecena 1-Cozcacuauhtli vulture. The tonalpohualli and Aztec cosmology The tonalpohualli, or day-count, has been called a sacred calendar because its main purpose is that of a divinatory tool.
The system of the tonalpohualli The system of the tonalpohualli can be best understood by imagining two wheels that are connected to each other. Dividing Time among the Gods A day tonalli in the tonalpohualli consists of a number and a symbol or daysign. The twenty daysigns and their gods are successively: Nr.
The numerals with their names in Nahuatl and their related spirits are: Nr. The twenty trecenas and their associated gods or elemental forces are: Nr. Chalmecatecuhtli Chalmecatecuhtli is a god of sacrifice, ruler of one of the nine levels of the underworld. In the tonalpohualli, Chalmecatecuhtli is the Lord of the Day for days with number 11 mahtlactli-once in Nahuatl Chantico Chantico, She Who Dwells In The House, the goddess of hearth fires, personal treasures and volcanoes. In the tonalpohualli, Chantico rules over trecena Ehecatl wind.
Cihuateteo Cihuateteo or Cihuapipiltin, the divine or noble women, the goddesses of the crossroads. Huitzilopochtli Huitzilopochtli, Hummingbird of the South , or Hummingbird of the Left is the central deity of the Mexica. Huitzilopochtli is sometimes identified as the Blue Tezcatlipoca. Itztlacoliuhqui-Ixquimilli Itztlacoliuhqui-Ixquimilli is Curved Point of Obsidian — Knife Eye Bundle, the god of frost, ice, cold, winter, sin, punishment and human misery. Itztlacoliuhqui rules over trecena 1-Cuetzpalin lizard.
Itztli Itztli also Itzli or Obsidian , is a god of stone and sacrifice. Itztli is the second Lord of the Night. Regardless of the description, the Aztecs considered this asexual sea monster the source of the cosmos. As the gods began the process of creation, they soon realized that their other creations would fall into the void and be devoured by the demon, so they decided to destroy Cipactli. Tezcatlipoca lured the monster in and lost a foot to its insatiable appetite before the gods were able to defeat it. Cipactli put up a fight, but in the end the gods prevailed.
Again, here we find another creation myth that centers on an unusual being—created by gods in the midst of nothingness—from which all life erupts. Could this be another way of narrating a struggle between foreign beings from the sky, a. Could this struggle, possibly, have led to human invention? If so, is it possible that this intervention is ongoing, given the advances of technology and consciousness that we are currently experiencing? Aztec Story of Creation. Aztec Creation Myth. He is both a co-owner and co-founder of Ancient Origins. Read More. Ancient Origins has been quoted by:.
By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us.
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We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. Skip to main content. Human Origins. Login or Register in order to comment. Top New Stories. Eretria is an ancient Greek city state located in the southern part of Euboea, a Greek island facing the coast of Attica. Eretria is said to have been founded during the 8th century BC and was one of the Greek city states that played an important role in the Greek colonization movement, which lasted from the 8th to the 6th centuries BC.
Primarily associated with British legends, stories about black dogs, ghost dogs, or hellhounds are present in almost every region of the world. Perhaps the first things to come to your mind when
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